The federal government is attempting to compel The Independence Institute in Colorado to produce its donor list. The government claims that because The Independence Institute ran an ad that referenced candidates within 60 days of the election, The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (BCRA) requires The Independence Institute to disclose its donors. The ad did not endorse or oppose either candidate.
Under the U.S. Constitution, presidential appointments can be confirmed only with the advice and consent of the Senate. Realizing that government does not stop with a vacancy, Congress enacted the Federal Vacancies Reform Act (FVRA), which allows the president, with restrictions, to temporarily fill vacancies.
For years, professional pilots have shared rides with other pilots to offset costs under the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) Expense-Sharing Rule. Pilots posted their flight plans on bulletin boards at airports to find those with similar travel plans. To facilitate more expense sharing and to step into the 21st century, a website was established to serve the same function as the bulletin boards.
The Clean Power Plan is the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) unprecedented attempt at regulating carbon emissions and aims to reduce power plant emissions by 32 percent by 2030. Those regulations would shut down hundreds of coal-fired power plants and severely limit the use of other power plants – leaving many states without sufficient power resources.
California, among other states, forces public sector employees who opt out of the union to pay an agency fee, which is supposed to support the union for collective bargaining services, including lobbying on behalf of the union. The Supreme Court previously held that public sector employees could be reimbursed for union contributions to political campaigns.
California requires non-profit organizations to register with its Department of Justice in order to solicit tax-deductible donations. The registration form requires organizations to disclose its donors to the state. The Internal Revenue Code (IRC) provides that donor lists are exempt from disclosure rules to the public and to state officials.
Buckeye petitions Ohio Supreme Court to strike down the state’s unconstitutional attempt to tax outside businesses
In 2005, Ohio instituted a commercial activity tax (CAT). Companies without a physical presence in the state could be required to pay the CAT if the company had at least $500,000 in gross receipts from sales in Ohio. Mason Companies is an internet-based retailer that has no physical presence in Ohio but was assessed a CAT based on purchases by Ohio residents.